The travel guide

February 8th, 2019

My fetlife account receives a steady supply of strange messages, which do provide the useful purpose of some sweet sweet entertainment.

Fetlife is after all, filled with adult sized children who would rather play pretend at sex and negotiate terms.1

After moving to Costa Rica, a good majority of these messages became about asking me for travel recommendations. I never respond for any number of reasons2 but on a whim I decided to try writing back (lesson learned). I responded without knowing that this douche already wrote to our favorite famous fetlife troll and was lucky enough to receive a message back. Let's peep the conversation between him and I to find perhaps one of the funniest cases of someone not knowing who they are talking about.

Suggestions for San Jose or Jaco

CumAndAttraction 43M Kinkster
2w
Hey there. I'll be in CR next Sunday thru Sat. Any suggestions on place to stay or things to do. Staying in San Jose but was thinking of spending a few days In Jaco.

Yes_pleaase 26F slave
2w
You probably know that San Jose, is the 'city proper' but, I don't spend a lot of time there. Its pretty chaotic/dirty compared to cities in the states. However, if you do end up say in Jan Jose, I'd suggest going to the National Theater for coffee or just walking around. Costa Rica is made for walking... Jaco has a decent beach scene, as well. I'd really suggest taking a two day trip to Arenal/ La Fortuna - youll find tons of things to do there..zip lining, volcano, hiking, nightlife, coffee..etc.

CumAndAttraction 43M Kinkster
2w
Awesome,thank you. I am looking to take it east and soak up some sum while at the beach. I've read a lot about escorts in Jaco but havent seen much about BdSM. Are there Fetlife groups or events ?

Yes_pleaase 26F slave
2w
Ahahaa. Yeah, the escorts are something to see. I thought having them around would create more of a party scene but not really - its just kind of lame. No bdsm scene that I've seen, I havent tried very hard to find one though.

CumAndAttraction 43M Kinkster
2w
Hoping to recreate this while there. It's an amazing pic.
https://fetlife.com/users/8025242/pictures/72409457…
How about hotel suggestions?

Yes_pleaase 26F slave
2w
Hahah, with escorts? Costa Rica is a great place to experiment and have fun, the people are all live and let live.

Sorry, I cant be much help with hotels. If youre staying at the beach, you may just want to get one around there!

CumAndAttraction 43M Kinkster3
2w
Sure with escorts unless you are up to join in! Ha ha.
I stayed at a place called Taormina in San Jose last time. Went to the Del Ray (?) 1 night though to see the sights. Was fun but dint think I'd like a week of that. I'm going to book the Jaco hotels once I get down there. There is an adults only place called Copacabana I may check out. Seems there maybe others in the lifestyle there and may run into a Hotwife/cuck. Whateve comes about of the trip, I'm just playing by ear. I'm sure there will. e lots to do.
Any good drinking bars in SJ to recommend?

CumAndAttraction 43M Kinkster
2w
Well thanks for the help. I enjoyed chatting. If you are up for drinks sometime, it's on me..
Ps..any good at gambling? The casinos I went to in SJ were pretty sketch.

CumAndAttraction 43M Kinkster
6d
I will be in San Jose tonight. Is there any good places to meet people on a Friday after noon

CumAndAttraction 43M Kinkster
6d
Thanks for the help. It was fun trip. I found a very laid back hotel on the beach in Jaco that was perfect. It's called the Beach Break resort in case you ever head that way. Its cost to the craziness there, but far enough away to be secluded.
I have to tell you (I already assume you will block me and I understand) I reached out to your Dom for a recommendation and his response was the rudest I have ever had here on Fet. He basically called me a name and tried to talk down to me, followed by immediately blocking me before I could respond. I only asked for a recommendation and not anything else. I didnt mention you.
To me that's a red flag for someone that is very insecure, not a good quality in a Dom. I've never seen a Dom behave that way that was credible..
Maybe I caught him on a bad day or something, but whatever
Thanks again. I did walk all over and did some of what you suggested. I found a great place for dinner too!

Ah, where to begin with how fucking inept this guy is. For one, the logs were sent to him to read by MP and instead of relishing in that opportunity, the dude spent his vacation butthurt and then decided it would be good idea to, I guess, snitch to me about it!? As if, I would somehow give a fuck and more importantly, not have the understanding that no, he will never be equal with Master - so don't pester him as if they are. I could barely even follow his attempt at writing a message. He also put a lot of effort into not taking a hint and thanking me when I didn't respond, but for fetdorks its always easier to pretend.


  1. Because - “This is way out of bounds. I said you could rape me. I did not say you could ruin my panty-hose.” ― Chuck Palahniuk from Choke []
  2. SirFrankie 56M Dom
    Hello slave,
    I am considering a move / retirement to Costa Rica in a few years. Was wondering if you are open to discussing your experiences there?

    whylie2you 47M Dom
    Hi Yes Pleaase,
    Saw your profile and thought you might be able to give me insight into how the kink scene is in San Jose. Any recommendation for a fellow American who is visiting there for a week?
    Cheers,
    Trevor

    crowntown 44M Switch
    How are you? I’m visiting San Jose for vacation, hoping to make some new friends while I’m here and thought I’d say hello to you.

    ......And these are only the first three most recent messages asking me for travel recommendations. Its a lame attempt at a pick up, and hopefully obvious as to why I don't much respond -- somehow missing my chance to tour the neighborhood nursing homes doesn't seem catastrophic.
    []

  3. For added laughs, check out his 'about me' from his profile:
    Huntersville, North Carolina, United States
    "if it makes you happy... it cant be that bad..."
    A quick note to add. I don't get on here very often so if I respond "Maybe" to an event or send you a unsolicited friend request, its my way of keeping track of events or people I find interesting. It doesn't mean anything more than what I read or saw interests me somehow. []

Philosophical Transactions. For the months of June, July and August, 1715. - Account of Books - II.

February 5th, 2019

Account of Books - Ⅱ. Ducatus Leodiensis, or, The topography of the ancient town and parish of Leeds and parts adjacent, in the country of York, &c. By Ralph Thoresby, Esq; Fellow of the Royal-Society, London. Fol. 1715.

Tho' the diligent and curious author of this work do not professedly treat of any place but the ancient town and parish of Leedes, and the Regio Leodis, or adjoyning territory called Elmet; yet not only the preface is more general relating to the country, but there are many passages in the book itself, wherein he takes occasion to insert the pedigrees of such the nobility and gentry, as have had any estates within the prescribed limits, tho' the chief seat of the family be distant; as esteeming all provinciales, who have but domicilium in provincia; to some of these he hath premised several descents from ancient deeds yet remaining in the respective families; and to most of those that are inserted in the visitations in the College at Arms, London, he hath added the dates from original deeds, resgisters, &c. and continued them to the present time, which hath rendred it so acceptable to the learned gentlemen of that faculty, that four kings at arms, and some eminent heralds, have not only subscribed, but since their perusal thereof, bought others for their absent friends, expressing great satisfaction in that part of the performance; as many learned antiquaries have done in the other parts relating to the topography and etymology of the names of places, &c, which he hath been very particular in, as finding the name to be frequently a brief description of the place; and hath been thereby enabled to discover the Vestigia of some considerable antiquities, in the actual survey that he made of those places to render the work more compleat; he hath, by the ancient names and the situation of the places, been enabled to describe, in a very particular manner, the transactions between the pagans and primitive Christian Saxons, relating to that noted battle upon Win-moor, An. Dom 655. There are also many very considerable benefactions, and stately edifices erected of later times, particularly a magnificent church built and endowed by Mr. Harrison; whose nephew the Reverend Mr. Robinson hath most generously promis'd to endow another church, which, it is hoped, will be shortly erected in that populous town of Leeds, to the building of which several of the magistrates, particularly Mr. Milner (who hath adorned the market-place with a most noble marble statue of her late majesty placed in the front of the guild-hall) and other inhabitants have subscribed very liberally. Here is also a charity school for an hundred poor children, who are cloathed and taught here, &c.
But what relates more immediately to these Philosophical Transactions, is the annexed catalogue of the authors Museum, justly celebrated for antiquities and for natural and artificial curiosities. The catalogue of the coins and medals is surprizingly copious and valuable. To the ancient Greek and Consular, or family-monies of the Romans, he hath added above a thousand imperial, several of which are noted by the learned bator spanhemius as very rare; and so likewise are those justly esteemed that relate more immediately to Britain, whether minted by the Romans or Britains. That of Thor with runic letters is inestimable, being the only known piece in the world with those ancient characters upon it. This first deciphered by the right Reverend Dr. Nicholson Lord Bishop of Carlisle, and after by Dr. Hicks, the two great Revivers of that sort of literature. Upon which single medal a learned foreigner hath printed a distinct treatise*1 And the ingenious Sir Andrew Fountain in his dissertatio Epistolaris to the Right Honorable Thomas Earl of Pembroke, saith expresly "Numismatum omnium quo aut Anglo-Saxonibus, aut Anglo-Danis in usu fuisse videntun, nullum notatu dignius est, quam id literis Runicis inscriptum, quod possidet vir genere & ingenlo clarus radulphus Thoresbeius, Leodiensis." Those of the Saxon kings begin with a very choice one of Edwin the ancientest coin of the English nation, and of the first Christian King of Northumberland; and are succeeded by those of the Danish and Norman lines, and continued to the present age, in a great variety of current monies and medals in gold, silver, and copper. Those of Ireland and the English plantations in America, are interspers'd in the several reigns; but those of Scotland, from the first of the Alexanders, are so numerous and valuable as to merit a particular description. All along are very instructive directions how to distinguish the kings of the same name from one another, before the numbers were added upon their monies. The Roman Emperours and Saxon Kings being well engraved before, the chief defect and difficulty is in those from William I to Henry VII. which are therefore delineated her from the originals. To these are prefixed the most ancient consular monies, which many ages proceeded the incarnation of our blessed saviour, because never yet extant in any English author. The other medals and monies of Popes, Emperours, Kings, and Republicks, must be omitted for brevity's sake, tho' some of them (particularly that of the siege of Leyden in Pastboard) be very rare.
The natural curiosities are ranked in the following method, I. Human rarities, 2. Quadrupeds, viviparious (multifidous and bisidous) and Oviparous, with an account of certain balls and stones found in the stomachs of several animals. 3. Serpents. 4. Birds, land and water fowls with their eggs. 5. Fishes, viviperous and oviparous, scaled and exanguious. 6. Shells, whirled and single, double and multiple. 7. Insects, with naked and with sheathed wings, and creeping insects. 8. Plants, which begin with Dr. Nicolson's collection of above 800 dry'd plants; the rest are reduced to the accurate method of Dr. Sloane, in his cat. Plant in insula Famaica, proceeding from the corals and other submarines to the fruits and parts of the trees. 9. Formed Stones, which are ranged according to Mr. Llwyd's curious tract, Lithophylac Britan. only to the crystals and diamonds are premised the margartie cumbrenses, some of which have as good a water as the oriental. After the fossile shells and stones of the turbinated kind, the bivalves and shells amassed together into great stones by a petrifyed cement, follow the marbles and other stones irregular. 10. The metals ores salts, and ambers, of which are with a fly, another with a spider enclosed.
The artificial curiosities relate to war, as Indian and Persian bows, arrows, darts, armour, shields, targets, tomahaws, poisoned daggers; to the mathematicks, to household-stuff, habits, &c. from the remotest parts of the habitable world; not neglecting those that are obsolete of our own nation. Then follow statues, bass relieves, seals, impressions, copper-plates, heathen deities, amulets, charms and matters relating to romish superstitions.
Of enamel'd curiosities, that of General Fairfax and the fatal battle at Naseby2 is perform'd with so exquisite art, that it infinitely transcends the metal, tho' gold. And for paintings, the Misery of War is admirably express'd, as to the various passions, upon a copper-plate about two foot broad. To these may be added the collection of printed heads, and the effigies of illustrious and learned persons, beginning with the Royal-Family; then the nobility, warriours, gentry, &c. in a chronological series. In the ecclesiastical state, the Archbishops and Bishops are introduced by the martyrs and confessors of their venerable order, and succeeded by other learned dignitaries and pious divines of both denominations. The judges are attended by the Literati in all faculties, physicians, philosophers, historians, poets, painters and other artists. Some learned and pious ladies are interspers'd. There are volumes of the Saints, Popes, Emperors, and other foreigners, amounting to the number of 15 or 1600, many of which are done by the most celebrated hands. Original designs drawn by the pen of noted virtuoso's. Writings and drawings by the blind or lame, as born without hands. Some by other persons so admirably small yet legible, that in one there are 21, in another 28 lines in the compass of an inch. Papers of different materials, colour, fineness, &c. ancient and modern; one sheet of transparent Indian paper a yard in length. Inkherns from Muscovia, and Turkey, with reed pens pained and gilt. A Turkish commission and seal, a mancks warrant, the former impress'd with ink not wax, the latter upon blew slate not paper. Books printed in seven several languages that are spoken in the English dominions, not including what may now be added by the accession of his present majesty. A catalogue of the various editions of the bible in this museum; of the concordances also, and common prayer books in different languages; of the manuscripts also, it being considerably encreased since that inserted in the Oxford Catalogue anno 1697. To these are added a list of books published in the infancy of the Art of Printing, and others that later controversies have rendred remarkable. And also a large catalogue of autographs begun of late years by the author, yet by his general correspondence furnished with the signs manual of many of the Kings of England before the reformation; and the proper hand-writing of every one since; with those of a vast number of the Lords spritual and temporal in several reigns, and of the learned authors, &c. The like also of foreign potentates, warriours, literai &c. of these some are very remarkable, being subscribed by the Lords of the Privy Council at Whitehall, by the Lord President and Council at Tork, and the Lord Deputy and Council at Dublin, from Queen Elizabeth's reign to the last day of King James II. when the warrant could not be executed. Oliver Cromwell's instructions to the Lord Faulconberg when sent ambassadour to the French King. The warrants of the several governments that so hastily supplanted one another in that year of confusion 1659, (which occasioned the restoration) all under their proper hands and seals. To these he hath since added Richard Cromwell's original letters patents to dissolve the Parliament; and another rare album with many learned hands, to those before mentioned. Then followeth a catalogue of several manuscript rols, letter patents, diploma's, charters and ancient deeds of gift to religious houses, which would be of use towards another volume of the Monasticon Anglicanum3. Bede-rolls, dispensations, &c. Lastly, a description of other antiquities here deposited, as Roman deities, altars, sepulchral monuments, urns of different forms and colours, cornelian signets, a Roman triumph in basse-relieve, and the story of Adonis slain by a boar. Besides these there are clay coining moulds for counterfeiting the Roman coyns when currant, fibula vestiaria, rings or bracelets of jett, tessellatted pavements, lamps, bricks with inscriptions, of which one very instructive is mentioned in the Oxford edition of Livy. To which are added brass-swords found in England, Ireland and the Isle of Man; British arrowheads of Flint; a Danish sacrificing mallet of marble, antique spurs, shields, &c. of later ages, tho' now antiquated. The figures of many of these are very well engraven, as also the churches and prospects in the book.
By the appendix it appears what considerable additions the indefatigable author is continually making to this museum. A medal of Jo Kendall is especially remarkable, because retrieving the memory of that noted warriour, representing his head in a noble relievo, who was turcopellerius or Colonel of the Cavalry (which office belonged to the English nation) at the memorable siege of Rhodes, when Mahomet the Great was worsted. To the autographs is added one impressed with a stile upon a palmetto leaf, and folded up as a missive letter in the East-Indies by one Timothy a converted Malabarian. Through the whole work he is particularly grateful, in writing the names of his benefactors that have sent him any curiosities. And concludes with an account of unusual accidents that have attended some persons in their births, lives, and deaths, of which many are very very remarkable, but I fear to be too tedious.

A pdf version of the entire text of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London can be found here (this article begins on page 304).


  1. philotrans1 []
  2. The battle at Naseby between the Royalists and Parliamentarians was led by General Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell. It is said that they were to have been friends but entered into an argument near the end of their lives. []
  3. Sir William Dugdale was an antiquary and herald who published the Monasticon Anglicanum in three volumes in Latin. The Monasticon Anglicanum is a history of the abbies and other monasteries, hospitals, frieries, and cathedral and collegiate churches, with their dependencies, in England and Wales. []

A few things to remember.

February 4th, 2019

I am writing this after having been in trouble1 and while spending the better part of two days without Internet or access to my Master.2 As it turns out, growing pains are worse when you are 26. I not only have years of learning to catch upon, but also now the stakes are higher.

Fortunately, I did meet my Master and part of what made me so badly want to give up everything I had in the first place was that, he is a Master like none other that exists in 2019. This is not a fetish that ends during the hours of 9 - 5, nor some arranged contract that allowed me to negotiate terms. This is real slavery and I sometimes think that the slave masters throughout history would be jealous at the kind of control he commands. Fetlife will try and tell you that being a slave makes you special and entitled to feeling so, this is not the case nor would any slave want it to be true. Having expectations3for things as slave in your Master's castle cheats you out of any pleasure you get from servitude.4 As a brief explanation - I own nothing which includes options, time, and permission. Some days I may wake up to go shopping, which in turn ends up with me walking around downtown in a schoolgirl outfit that shows off my cunt and tits in 7inch high heels. Other days I may be ignored wondering if I will hear the wonderful noise of a car honking, which means I happily have about two minutes to get downstairs. While it was seemingly easy to grow accustomed to this life, now that the 'honeymoon' phase is over I am left with tripping over myself for what seems like every other day. I am still (and probably always will be) learning a lot about what it takes to become a desirable slave. What I am learning goes beyond what is 'BDSM' and into what is actual knowledge of the world and how to interact with it. Often these are things that I already thought I knew and well - such as: how to drive a car, how to speak and listen, sit, memorize, proper reading..etc. In my life now, only one correct way exists for how to perform everything, so it is best to have no ego in assuming that I know how to actually do much of anything. For instance, I am being punished now and it would do me good to remember that:

No bad days.
If I am struggling then it should be the case for me to try harder to ensure that I am being pleasing. My Master is entitled to receiving nothing but the very best from his slave. It is not easy because the high standards of slavery can never fall but it is always worth it in the end. This includes me shelving any unfortunate feelings that I may be entertaining. A sure way to make any bad day worse is by annoying your Master with inept nonsense.

I am not entitled to comfort.
Costa Rica is supposed to have tropical climate but most nights I am shivering with goose bumps. Any sort of comfort that I receive whether it is a blanket, chocolate, a choice, the ability to use furniture, time with the nobility, the Internet, food..etc. are all luxuries that I am not entitled to. Therefore, I should be thankful with gratitude when offered any sort of comfort. For instance, I should not ask for anything additional when already receiving a blessing from those I (whor)ship. This also includes intangible things like expectations for how a day may turn out or being butt hurt over feelings.

I can forget what I thought security meant.
The sense of not having security is proving to be one of the hardest things to adjust to. Most people enter relationships with the preconceived notions that any promise they make to one another about 'being together forever' will last. I don't ever hear those words and furthermore, I may be threatened to get lost if I fail in any sort of way. I spend my nights at my cage alone without I love yous or a promise to see anyone tomorrow. Fortunately, I have someone who I consider more than a friend and I cannot imagine what it would be like without her.5 Having her is a rare gift of actual security and I am sure one of the greatest given in life.

This is only three points and some examples to what could be an exhaustive list of reminders to myself. This entire post may seem scary to most people, but most people also take so many little precautions to ensure that they remain alive without actually doing any living.6 Why take the time to protect yourself to then never actually expose yourself to anything? Whats scary to me is to waste my life by not being vulnerable enough to grow into whatever my Master wants to make of me. I would like nothing more than to look back at this post in a few years and say that I am more pleasing and ideal then I was when this was written. I am fortunate for the life I live by waking up everyday being able to serve. Here's to embracing that I may never-ever know what comes next.

butterfly

  1. Recently, I recounted the story of when I made a grave error while living in Chicago during the month of August. Chicagoans wait 8 months for summer and I was not allowed to leave the room. I lived on the same block as the beach and watched the days come and go as happy people in bathing suits celebrated the weather by laughing and skipping to the water. []
  2. or Hannah which is a good reminder regarding what my ignorance can achieve []
  3. This is not to be confused for having hope, which I am told makes you have an endearing quality of a vulnerable slave. []
  4. Pleasure is waking up and resolving to the fact that you own nothing are nothing if not performing the tasks assigned - it's an amazing feeling to hear that you did a good job or are most satisfying. It means even more that these compliments do not come often or easy. []
  5. Actually I can and it would be a lot of me holding myself rocking back and forth in a corner. []
  6. Such as those who move to another country and lecture others on the 'bad parts' of town without ever going to the neighborhood pipa fria dealer. []

In memoriam Giuseppe

February 4th, 2019

Before I moved to Costa Rica I had been talking about having a gecko as a pet. As unlikely as the thought was, I got as close as possible with the gecko Giuseppe. After spending hours walking the mean streets of Costa Rica, I'd come home to shower and find him near the drain. The little guy would jump on the hand buss and take a ride to my hat, wherein he would spend the rest of the night tucked inside. He got pretty famous with my friends back in the Midwest from his various camera appearances. It was pretty difficult to break the news of his passing and I appreciate all of the condolences, I know this is as just as hard for you as it is for me. We lost a good one but as it goes - one goes out, one comes in. Apparently a gecko's lifespan is only 12 weeks1 but Giuseppe's legacy will live on in infinitum2 as the friendly Italian gangster gecko that he was.

inmemoriam-1

inmemoriam-2

inmemoriam-3

His final resting place.


  1. Update: apparently a gecko's lifespan is 3-4 years! []
  2. Especially now, because the mosquitoes are quickly spawning. []

Philosophical Transactions. For the months of June, July and August, 1715. - Account of Books - I.

February 3rd, 2019

Account of books - Ⅰ. Linear perspective, or a new method of representing justly all manner of objects, &c. By Brook Taylor, L.L.D. and R.S. Secr. 8vo. London, 1715.

The author of this book, finding the Art of Perspective to be very imperfect in the books that have hiterto been publish'd on that subject, thought it worth his while to consider the whole matter anew; and from a careful examination of the principles this art is founded upon, he has endeavoured to establish some theorems, by means of which the practice of it might be render'd more general and easy than has yet been done. In order to this, at first sight he found it necessary to make use of new terms of art; the old ones seeming not to be expressive enough of what is meant by them, and being adapted to too confined an idea of the principles of this art. In the old perspective the chiefest regard is had to the ground plane, that is, the plane of the horizon; from whence is derived the horizontal line, and by means of that line the representations of some figures are found by good simple constructions. But then the figures in all other planes are drawn by reducing them to the horizontal plane by means of perpendiculars; which is an inartificial round about way, makes a great confusion of lines, and is not capable of so much exactness. This confined way of treating this subject, proceeds from the strong possession the mind is bred up in of the notions of upwards and downwards, which makes one apt to refer all other irregular positions to those principal ones. But the minds of all artists should be drawn as much as can be from such confined ways of thinking, and they should be taught to accustom themselves, as much as may be, to consider nature in its general view, without minding those particular relations which things have with respect to themselves. For this reason our author has rejected the term of horizontal line, because it confines the mind too much to the particular consideration of the horizontal plane; but he considers all planes alike, and all figures as they are in themselves, without considering their relation to us; leaving the artist to do that, when he comes to apply the general rules of practice to any particular design.
This treatise is very short, because the author has confined himself only to give the general rules of practice, leaving the reader to himself or to a master to find out particular examples to exercise himself in. Yet he hopes he has omitted nothing that is material to the understanding of this art in the full extent of it. The whole book consists of five sections.
The first section contains an explanation of the fundamental principle of this art, with the definitions of the terms, and four theorems. The fundamental principle of this art, is, that the representation of any point is a point on the picture where it is cut by a line drawn from the original point really placed where it out to seem to be, to the pace of the spectators eye and consequently, the representation of any line is the mersection of the picture with a surface made by drawing lines from the place of the spectators eye, to the several points of the original line to be represented, really placed where it out to seem to be. For these lines which come from the several points of the original object to be placed in its proper situation, to the spectator's eye, are as so many visual rays which make the object sensible.
When a right line is continued in infinitum, the visual ray becomes at last parallel to it, and an object of any given bigness, if it goes still further and further off on that line, will at last seem to vanish, and at that time the place of its representation on the picture is the point where the ray parallel to the original line cuts the picture. For this reason our author has thought it proper to call that point of the vanishing point of such an original line and consequently of all others parallel to it (Def.5.) and for the same reason he calls that line on the picture a vanishing line (Def.6) which is produced by the intersection of the picture with a lane passing thro' the spectator's eye parallel to an original plane. There are ten definitions in all but these are the principal. And in our author's method these vanishing points and vanishing lines are of great use for the representation of any line passing through its vanishing point. (Prop.r.) Having found the representation of one point in any line, by any method whatsoever, he finds the representation of the whole line by its vanishing point, which he shews an early way to find in propp 6,8,12. which are in the second section. And by this mean he solves several problems in perspective, which it is not possible to do by the common way, at least without a great deal of difficulty, and a great confusion of lines. And by this method he shews how the compleat representations of any proposed figures may be found, having given the representation only of some principal parts of them. The second section contains several propositions to that purpose, shewing how to find the vanishing points and lines of proposed lines and planes, according to the several circumstances proposed; and by the means of them, how to find the representation of any given figure. In the end of this section there are some examples, in the description of the regular solids and some other figures.
The third section shews how to find the representation of the shadows of all objects.
The fourth section shews how to find the representations of the reflexions of figures made by polish'd planes.
The fifth section contains a few propositions relating to the inverse Method of Perspective; or the manner of examining a picture already drawn; so as to find out what point the picture is to be seen from, or having that given, to find what the figures are which are described on the picture.
Our author has observed that there may be a very good expedient made use of in painting of large rooms and churches, which is drawn from the nature of those rays which produce the vanishing points. This not being mention'd in the book itself, he thinks it not improper to take notice of it here. The expedient is this, having some way or other found the representation of one point of a line that is wanted in the picture, to find the whole line, pass a thread stretch'd through the place of the spectator's eye, in a direction parallel to the direction the original line out to be in, and the shadow of that thread cast by a candle, so as to pass through the given point on the picture will be the representation sought. The reason of this construction is, because the rays of light that pass from the candle to the threat so stretch'd make the plane which generates the representation sought. (see Prop.1.) And there may be other expedients of the like nature gather'd from the same principle.

philotrans

A pdf version of the entire text of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London can be found here (this article begins on page 300).


Philosophical Transactions. For the months of June, July and August, 1715. - Part IV.

January 29th, 2019

Ⅳ. An account of an experiment made by Dr. Brook Taylor assisted by Mr. Hawkesbee, in order to discover the Law of the Magnetical Attraction.

By order of the Royal Society Mr. Hawkesbee and myself made an experiment with the great loadstone belonging to the Royal Society, in order to discover the Law of the Magnetical Attraction; and not long after I gave an account of it to the Society in a letter to Dr. Sloane, (who was then Secretary) dated June 25, 1712. Since that, Mr. Hawkesbee made another experiment of the same nature with a smaller loadstone; which he has given an account of in the Philosophical Transactions No. 335. But upon comparing the numbers of that experiment with those of the other, I find the numbers of the first experiment to be very much more regular. Wherefore I conclude that to be the best experiment, and since no notice has been taken of the account I gave of it, and I have reason to believe Mr. Hawkesbee lost the table I left with him for the Society, of the numbers relating to it, I take this occasion to present the Society with the following account of it.
We placed the great loadstone belonging to the Royal Society so, that it's two poles lay in the plane of the horizon, and were in a line exactly at right angles with the natural direction of the needle we made us of, (which was that Dr. Halley had made to observe the variety actions with). And by means of a carriage contrived for that purpose, the stone was easily moved to and fro, the poles continuing always in the same line. The needle was so placed, that the center it play'd upon was in the same line with the poles of the stone; the North Pole being towards the needle. We measured the distances from the center of the needle to the extremity of the stone; and we found the variations of the needle from its natural position to be as in the following table.

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A pdf version of the entire text of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London can be found here (this article begins on page 294).


Philosophical Transactions. For the months of March, April and May, 1715. - Part IV.

January 28th, 2019

Ⅳ. An account of a book. Bibliographiae anatomicae specimen sive catalogus omnium pene auctorum, qui ab Hippocrate and Harveium rem anatomicam ex professo vel obiter scriptis illustrarunt, &c. curâ & studio
Jacobi Douglas, M.D. Reg. Soc. S. & in Colleg. Chirurg. Londinensi praelect. Anatom. 8vo. Londini 1715.

The author of this treatise, whose admirable skill in the practice of dissections, as well as in the theory of the structure of the parts, leaves him not many equals, in order to discover what improvements and progress anatomy has met with, and with what industry the study of it has been cultivated, has with much application perused a very great number of authors who have advanced the science; observing therein who have the honour of being the first discoverers, and who have unjustly arrogated to themselves that title, that each may receive a due proportion of praise according to his merit. And in this decision he has impartially weighed their deserts, the better to lay before the reader the increase of these studies, and to determine more exactly the differences that have arisen about who are first inventors; which the book, chapter and page where they are treated of will easily manifest.
The history, lives and elogies ascrib'd to anatomists, which he has inserted either from their own writings, or their editors, or commentators, will afford a great variety of pleasure, in which he has been particulary careful to set down the names, sur-names, country, time of their birth, what year they died in, under what masters educated, where they flourish'd, and in what part of anatomy they excell'd.
Nor has he been less diligent in the account he has given of the books of Anatomy, which his friends supply'd him with in great number. The reader will see here laid before him, all the several editions, in what language, what volume they were printed in, with the place and date of the year they were published at; and which are the first impressions, and which copied from them. Nor has he judged it improper to give some account of the figures dispers'd up and down in anatomical books as whether they were originals or copies, cut in wood or copper &c. To these he has added three indexes, whose use will be seen by the titles. As for the difference of style remarkable in this treatise, it is chiefly owing to the variety of authors made use of, he thinking himself not at liberty to vary the expression of them whose authority he quotes.
He says he would willingly have recounted the great advantage of anatomy has received from the English nation; but out of just regard to their merits, he has resign'd this province to his friend Mr. William Becket1, whose industry in collecting their writings will not in his opinion exceed his talent and abilities to recommend them to the world.
He hopes the reader will pardon him in this, that as several books and editions came late to his hands, he was forc'd to add the omissa separately; which being in greater number than at first expected, the author earnestly desires the favour of those who have in their collections anything of this kind here omitted, that they would please to communicate the same, in order to render this first specimen still more complete.

A pdf version of the entire text of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London can be found here (this article begins on page 263).


  1. Mr. William Becket is a famous antiquary from London - he was a Fellow of the Royal Society and a member of the Society of Antiquaries. []

Arenal.

January 23rd, 2019

I often find myself lost in thought when staring out of the car window on the long drives in Costa Rica. It feels tranquil to be flying by the colorful tropical vegetation and endless hillsides. Since I first visited CR and over the last five months of living here, the car has always been this imagined sign of a pause. Sure, I can always get in trouble, no matter what, and under any circumstances - but the risk always seemed so minimal while riding in the car.1 It's been some of the very few moments in which I allowed myself to breathe and think about the reality of my new life.2 The crew was headed to Arenal and I was excited. I had made a bloody mess of the last trip and now was the time for me to return to the jungle for redemption.3
The trip started out well enough, as I had stayed up the night before defining about 26 words. Allow me to introduce you to this game we play. The directions are simple, Master and Hannah will go back and forth producing words that I have to define. If I don't know the word then I have to write it down and give an explanation during our next interaction. The game stops when I can accurately define a word thats given. So, to answer your question, yes - they have only stopped out of pity for me but I think I'm still a winner... I like to call the second phase of the game the bonus round (they didn't know this) because once I bring back the defined word list, Master goes into these riveting explanations of how the words came to be. I'm so fortunate for my life, which consists of driving through one of the most scenic routes in the world, all the while listening to philology from the man himself.

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Look, free monkeys! Coati monkeys are the raccoons of the jungle, so much so that tourists blocked the road trying to feed them. Monkeys weren't the only thing to block the road on this trip. Since the holidays are over, its now time for construction in Costa Rica. The locals decided to block one of the only major highways in the country for going on over thirty five minutes. Lucky for us, we ended up at the beginning of the line and had Master in the car. It took him only around a minute with the workers before the cones went up and they quickly got out of the way. Of course, this was after a few nervous looking men walked over to the workers and bailed out of any confrontation by getting on their phones and taking the walk of shame back to their cars without saying a word. So, on we went with miles of cars in our rear. We finally made it to the cabin with a view of the volcano and a legendary pool. But first, I was instructed to help back the car into the covered parking spot. This sounds like an easy task, but I was already nervous from fucking this up during the last trip.4 Instead of delivering on the order - I got in the way of the driver, made incompetent hand gestures, and spoke so low no one heard me give direction. My incredible angst was of no use in this situation, and I was hoping to turn this around before the end of the trip, but as the saying goes - no such luck. However, I did develop a well adjusted panic on the road back to the cabin every night in anticipation of assisting with parking.5 Anxiety has been a friend of mine since I can remember. I occupy a no relax zone and would like move on from it as soon as possible (see what I did there?). It will always be true that the most desirable state for a tasked slave is focused with a clear mind. I am not that slave yet, but the trip goes on. And on it goes to the pool.
This pool is unlike anything I had ever seen before. Not only is it an infinity pool that overlooks the volcano and the volcanic lake, but it has fountains, an attached hot tub, and is constructed of beautiful regal blue and white tiles. Master and I spent a good amount of time wrestling in the water. He is suspiciously immune to my various sneak attacks and ankle grabs, which leaves me gasping for air and choking on water. Over ten years of trained swimming and yet, I still find myself pinned at the bottom of the pool and at the mercy of his foot (of course, he's enjoying my lack of air and under water struggle while making out with a certain Wannaackins on the surface, pretentious much?!). Finally, the sun sets and we all enjoy watching it fade into the seemingly forever narrowing river. I give everyone foot rubs in the hot tub and we head back to the cabin. By head back to the cabin, I mean that I walk back naked. We suspect that the cars that saw me naked were driven by the people at the pool who watched us with disapproving faces from afar. We also saw these people at breakfast the following morning. 'Tis a sad honeymoon for them when they realize that they won't ever have as much fun as the harem. After breakfast, we headed for hiking by way up in a sky tram. Hiking was an enjoyable moment and I'm growing more accustomed to appreciating nature instead of a phone. Since transcribing Philosophical Transactions, I can only imagine what a trek it must have been for any expedition to explore this land.6

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I finally grew up enough to be trusted with handling a camera. This was the perfect trip for it, since I haven't yet found the right words to describe how beautiful it is here and well, a picture would be really hard to fuck up. My dread returned as I had to assist with parking the car again. This time seemed like my worst attempt and frustrated everyone to the point of yelling or getting out of the car... Master wouldn't let me see the surprise until I cheered up, but they saw me first!

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Volcanic cows were squatting in our back yard.7 Check out the white guy being all weird and creeping in the corner.8 The rest of the afternoon was spent sipping champagne and me praying that we won't need to move the car again. It took me hours to fall asleep that night, staring at the ceiling in the dark and endlessly going over the details of the day in order to have some preparedness for the next.
It was leavin' time and we packed up the car so that... I could drive. My minimal experience of driving manual shot me into an immediate panic on the way to find breakfast. Before we could find somewhere that met the standards, I had already fucked up past any sort of tolerable point. My stomach pitted up when I heard the words, "get out of the car". I watched the BMW drive off while on the side of a jungle road in a short dress and high heels. It only took a few steps for me to get stuck in mud and trip into some bushes that caused an instantaneous skin rash with hives (I've never had hives before or seen them on my skin.). The only reason I took those few steps was because I wanted to get out of the rain and the road. At which point, I started crying and begging the rain forest to please give me a fucking break. A wonderful Costa Rican family stopped and offered me a ride9, which I declined. I spent my time standing there by entertaining my thoughts between how much I had fucked up...etc. and well, what if they don't come back. My purse with my passport and any belongings were in the car - my options were to beg someone for a ride or join the family of coati monkeys. Time did its trick of slowing down for me. Thought after thought rushed into my head and I can't say that I feel any better thinking about it now. The BMW circled its way back to me and I can't tell you how long they were gone for but, I tried to get my shit together as best as I could upon their return. I made a resolve with myself that the only way back to the cage was by me driving, so I had to make it happen.
I drove by ignoring my emotions of being extremely overwhelmed and on the verge of a break down. We ate breakfast at some German restaurant that I hardly remember. The road to Monte Verde was painful for both me and the car. Every rock felt like it was ding at my chances for making it back to Giuseppe. When I was finally relieved of driving duty, I was sent to sit in the passenger seat. Master likes the passenger seat up for leg room and he did kindly allow me to move the seat back some. However, when we arrived at a restaurant for dinner, my legs were so cramped that I looked like a fawn trying to walk for the first time. Dinner was the best part of the day. I eventually was able to focus on something other than the jungle warfare that I had just lived through. It was monumental for me to return to the first restaurant that I had kneeled at. This place has become a touchstone for my slavery10 ... I no longer live a life of imagined breaks in the car or delusions that my time is my own. Watching them laugh was & is a reminder of why I was so desperate to kneel in the first place and why it would be such a waste to resist any part of this life.

  1. Which may seem like an insane thought - fear of riding in a car is reality for a lot of people. I'm guessing those people haven't been kicked out of someones house and made to walk home or hit with a hammer for taking to long...etc. []
  2. I should mention that being entertaining in the car is mandatory. I do my best to balance the state of reflection and engagement; however, often times I find myself being scolded for lack of good conversation, knowledge, and jokes. Of course, justly scolded and I'm told these things improve over time but the sting of under performing stays with me. []
  3. Redemption from what?! Well, mostly me being quiet and slave shocked and also, a lack of tampons. You cant take the Indiana out of the girl... []
  4. To make matters worse, on the last trip I did not realize that there was a garage, so I stopped the car before it even got properly parked. For this fuckupery I was painfully beat with a dog toy, or better known as a bitch toy. It still sits in my closet taunting me over this transgression. Sigh. []
  5. Costa Ricans do this weird thing were they employ people to help you park your car at almost every location. They will have a man in a reflective vest standing around and waiting to assist you with backing up. This is unlike anything I have ever seen in the states. []
  6. Good thing they travl'd with a pike man and a cook... []
  7. I'm glad they chose this trip time to do it. On our previous trip, I was punished to lay in the same grass naked and those cows well defiled it. []
  8. I need to admit that I did ruin Master's shot of me naked and barefoot petting a cow, whew. Now you know. []
  9. I wonder if any of the girls I have seen crying on the side of the road have been kicked out of the car for disappointing their Master. []
  10. Incidentally, I was on all fours crawling out of the restaurant in a dress so short that my ass and cunt showed, while a shocked girl stared on in a state of disbelief. []

Philosophical Transactions. For the months of October, November, and December, 1714. - Part V.

January 22nd, 2019

Ⅴ. Some remarks on the variations of the magnetical compass published in the memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences, with regard to the general chart of those variations made by E. Halley; as also concerning the true longitude of the Magellan Streights1

It must be acknowledged that the gentlemen of the Royal Academy of Sciences in France, have, for some years past, apply'd themselves with much candour, as well as diligence, to examine the chart I publish'd in the year 1701, for shewing at one view the variations of the magnetical compass, in all those seas with which the English navigators are acquainted; and, to my no small satisfaction, I find that what I did so long ago, has been since abundantly verified by the concurrent reports of the French pilots, who of late have had frequent opportunities of enquiring into the truth thereof. So that I am in hopes I have laid a sure foundation for the future discovery of an invention, that will be of wonderful use to mankind when perfected; I mean that of the law or rule by which the said variations change, in appearance regularly, all the world over. Of this I have adventured long since to give my thoughts in N°'48 and N°195 of these transactions, and as yet I see no cause to retract what I there offer for a reason of this change; but of this we might be more certain, had we a good collection of observations made in that ocean which divides Asia and America, and occupies about two fifths of the whole circumference of the globe. This, we hope, from the natural curiosity of the French (who want no means of performing it) may be effectually supply'd by such of that nation who may return from Peru by the East-Indies.
In the mean time, I cannot omit to take notice of two particulars, seeming to call in question the truth of my aforesaid map, which I have lately observed in the Memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences.
The one is in the Memoirs of the year 1700, concerning the variation observed at Paraíba in Brasile, about 25 leagues to the northwards of Pernambeuc, by M. Couplet le Fils, whose words are these,
Le 20 Mai, 1698. Ayant auparavant tracé soigneusement une ligne meridienne, dont je m'etais fervi pour les observations astronomiques, j'observai la declinaicon de l' aiguille aimantée de 5° 35' nordouest. And the same observer tells us, that he found the latitude of the town of Paraíba 6° 38' 18". Now it so fell out, that myself was in the river of paraíba, in the month of March, 1699 and there sitted and cleaned my ship, so that I had full opportunity to observe the variation both on board and on shore, and found it constantly to be above 4 Gr. North-East; so that I am willing to believe this to be an error of the press, putting N.W. for N.E; or rather of the memory of M.Couplet, who it seems, lost all his papers by shipwreck in his return. The like may be said of the latitude of Paraíba, which, though I did not observe myself, yet at the Fort of Cabo Dello, at the mouth of the river, and which is about 3 leagues more northerly than the town, I found the latitude not less than 6° 55' South, and by consequence that of the town more than 7 degrees.
The other is in a discourse of M de Lisle, in the Memoirs of 1710; where he compares the variations observed in some late voyages, with my map of the variations. Among other things, 'tis there said, that on the East-side of the island St. Thomas, under the equinoctial line, M. Bigot de La Canté, Second Lieutenant of the King's ship La Sphere, had in the beginning of the year 1708, found the variation 11 ½ Gr. whereas my chart makes it but 5 ½ Gr. 'Tis true, that I never observed myself in those parts; and 'tis from the accounts of others, and the analogy of the whole, that in such cases I was forc'd to supply what was wanting; and 'tis possible that there may be more variation on that coast than I have allowed. But consulting my chart (which was fitted to the year 1700) I find I then make the variation at the isle of St. Thomas full 7 ½ Gr. and not 5 ½ Gr. the which, by the year 1708, might well arise to near.
So that the difference will become very tolerable; ereas an error of 6 degrees, such as is here represented, would render the credit of my chart justly suspected, and the same by consequence wholly useless, as not to be confided in.
But a further thing I might complain of is, that in the same Memoire of M. de Lisle, the geography of my chart is called in question; and we are told that I have placed the entrance of the Magellan Straights as least 10 degrees more Westerly than I ought to have done; for that the ship St. Louis, in the year 1708, sailing from the mouth of Rio Gallega, in about the latitude of 52 Gr. South, and not far from Cape Virgin, directly for Cape Bonne Esperance (which course perhaps was never run before) had found the distance between the two lands not more than 1350 leagues, which, he concludes, is much less than my chart of the variation makes it. I know not from what computation M. de Lisle has deduced this consequence, but I find by my chart that I have made the longitude of Rio Gallega 75 Gr. West from London, and that of Cape Bonne Esperance 16 ½ East from it; that is in all 91 ½ Gr. difference of longitude. This, with the two latitudes, gives the distance, according to the rhumb-line 1364 leagues, but according to the arch of a great circle, no more than 1287 leagues; so that instead of invalidating what I have there laid down, it does absolutely confirm it, as far as the authority of one single ship's journals can do it.
I do not pretend that I have had observations made with all the precision requisite, to lay down incontestably the Magellan Straights in their true geographical state; but yet it has not been without good grounds that I have placed them as I have done. For when Sir John Narborough, in the year 1670, wintered in Port St. Julian, on the coast of Patagonia, Capt. John Wood, then his lieutenant, and an approved artist in sea affairs, did observe the beginning of an eclipse of the moon, Sept. 18ⅤO stil. vet. at just 8 night; and the same beginning was observ'd by M. Hovellius at Dantzick at 14h 22'; whence Port St. Julian is more westerly than Dantzick 6h 22', or than London 5h 6, that is 76 ½ Gr. Besides, I have had in my custody a very curious journal of one Capt. Strong, who went into the South Seas in quest of a rich plate-wreck, and who disover'd the two islands he called Falkland's Isles, lying about 120 leagues to the Eastwards of the Patagon Coast, about the lat. of 51 ½. This Capt. Strong had a quick passage from the island of Trinadada (in 20 ½ south) to the Magellan Straights; and in this journal, which was very well kept, I found that Cape Virgin was, by his account, 45 degrees of longitude more Westerly than that island, whose longitude I know to be just 30 degrees from London; that is in all 75 Gr.
From these concurrent testimonies, wanting better, I adventured to fix the longitude of this coast as I have done; and I can by no means grant an error of 10 degrees to be possible in it, though perhaps it may need some smaller correction. I will however readily grant, that those that go thither from Europe, shall find the land more Easterly than is here express'd, by reason of a constant current setting to the Westward near the equator, where ships are many times long detained by calms, whilst the stream carries them along with it; which thing befalls all ships bound to any part of the East Coast of the South America.

A pdf version of the entire text of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London can be found here (this article begins on page 165).


  1. On the contents page, this article is titled as: Some remarks on the variations of the magnetical compass, published in the memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences, with regard to the general chart of those variations made by Dr. Halley. As also concerning the true geographical longitude of the Magellan Streights. By the same. []

Philosophical Transactions. For the months of July, August and September, 1716. - Part II.

January 19th, 2019

Ⅱ. A letter of the Reverend Mr. John Sackette, A.M. to Dr. Brook Taylor, Reg. Soc. Secr. Giving an account of a very uncommon sinking of the earth, near Folkestone in Kent.

Sir,

I am about to give you the best account I can of what is remarkable, and known almost to all hereabouts, concerning the pressing forward of the cliffs, and sinking of the hills in the neighbourhood of our town of Folkestone. I begin with giving you a sketch of the situation of the country. This I shall do by describing a strait road from what we call the Mooring-Rock, to Tarlingham-house; the manner of the country, as to the rising and falling, being much the same, for about a mile on either hand of the road described.

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A. The Mooring-Rock, about half-way between high and low water-mark.
B. The foot of the cliff, 50 yards from the rock.
C. The top of the cliff, about 6 yards high.
C D. A plain of 50 yards.
D E. A cragged1 cliff, of 60 yards high.
E F. A plain above a mile long.
F G. An hill of steep ascent, near half a mile.
G H. The land from the top of the hill to the house, near a mile.
I. Tarlingham house, lying near 2 miles and a half N.N.W. from the rock.
E G H. A line of sight.
K B L. The shore at high water mark.
I hope Sir, you will understand the situation of the place pretty well, tho' I have not observed exact proportion in the sketch; which the paper would not allow after I had taken the rise of the cliffs so high, which I thought proper for the more particular describing of them.
The Mooring-rock (tho' it lies surrounded with great numbers of other rocks) is it self a most noted one, known by this name, time out of mind2. At this vessels use to be moored, while they are loading other rocks; which they take from hence, not only for our own Pier Heads but for those of Dover Pier; and a very great quantity of them were shipt, in the time of Oliver's usurpation, and carried to Dunkirk, for the service of that harbour.
This rock has remain'd fixt thus, for the memory of man; and old men have observed, that, for forty years and upwards, the distance between it and the foot of the lesser cliff A B. has been much the same; neither can they be much out in their guess, the distance being so small. Tho' there seems nothing extraordinary in this, yet its what they take special notice of, to their great surprize; for they say, and prove by good marks and tokens, that the lesser cliff B C has been constantly falling in, insomuch, that from time to time, in their memory, near 10 rods forward to the land has been carried away by the sea. From whence, as it appears that the plain between the top of the lesser cliff and the foot of the higher C D has been formerly double the breadth that it is at present, so the distance been the rock and the foot of the lesser or lower cliff A B. should have increased in proportion, and would have been double at present, to what it has been formerly; but this distance remaining the same (as is above noted) or rather less (in the opinion of many) is what is greatly wonder'd at; nor can it be accounted for otherwise, than by supposing that the land pressing forward into the sea is washed away by the high tides; and, as often as this happens, presses forward again. This pressing forward of the land into the sea, would be incredible, were it not shewn to be matter of fact; and that not only at this one place of observation, but by like observations all along this coast, as far as the situation continues the same.
Now, Sir, let us climb both these cragged cliffs, and place our selves at the top of the higher one, at the point E. And here we are to observe, that (as old men inform us) upward of forty years ago, not so much as the top of Tarlingham-house could be discern'd, neither from hence, nor yet a good distance off at sea; but it discover'd it self by degrees, till at this day, not only the whole house, but a great tract of land below it, is plainly to be seen, as in the line of sight E G H. The tact of land is more in proportion than describ'd in the sketch, between the point at H and the house. In this there can be no fallacy; and we can ascribe it to nothing less than the sinking of the hills (for their tops could never wear away considerably, being always cover'd with grass, and never broken up by the plough or otherwise). These hills are all of chalk, and have probably very large caverns within, springs of water always flowing plentifully from the foot of them; and I have had it observ'd to me, that upon their tops frequent cracks have been taken notice of. Whatever be the cause of it, 'tis not to be doubted but that these hills are greatly sunk. And this sinking of the hills, the people at this place believe, forces the cliffs and all the land forward into the sea. The cliffs consist of great ragged sand-stones till we come to near a yard (at some places more) of the bottom; then we meet with what they call a slipe, i.e. a slippery fort of clay always wet. Upon this slipe at the bottom, they presume that the hard stony land above slides forwards toward the sea, as a ship is launch'd upon tallow'd planks. I thought it proper to give you this account of the nature of the earth; and withal to mingle with it the opinion of the people, that you might perceive they are so far from doubting the truth of what is above written, that they endeavour to find some solution of it, as being a thing not more strange than true. If I should take all the hands that can be got to testifie the truth of this, it would make too large a roll, so I shall chuse only a few of the most antient and of best credit.
I assure myself that I have credit enough with you to be believed upon my own single subscription, that I am,

Sir, Yours,

Folkestone in Kent,
February 24, 1715-16.

John Sackette.

We whose names are underwritten do hereby testifie the truth of the matters of facts in the within written letter related,
Benjamin Master, a Jurat of the Town, aged 74.
Robert Hammond, Senior, a Jurat of the Town, aged 77.
William Godden, a Fisherman, aged 74.
Thomas Marsh, a Fisherman, aged 72.
William Hall, a Fisherman, aged 73.
James Godden, a Fisherman, upward of 60.

A pdf version of the entire text of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London can be found here (this article begins on page 469).


  1. Cragged: a steep, rugged rock/rough, broken, projecting part of a rock. []
  2. The phrase time out of mind has origins as early as the 1400s, when it was used in the British Rolls of Parliament. The phrase means a time in the past that was so long ago, that people have no recollection of it. The phrase time out of mind is time out of mind... []