Archive for June, 2019

The adventure of Goosey boy.

Thursday, June 13th, 2019

Once upon a time, a good goose named Goosey left his home in Germany to meet someone who could tell him how make golden eggs.

You see, he finished his bread before the end of Aesop's ill fated fable.

His first stop was a Hungarian shop, and with no such luck he continued on in search of his golden treasure.

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Goosey made good friends who had stale bread and promised to help him along the way.

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The locals laughed when they were asked about knowing of any such golden eggs.
"Budapest really isin't the place for your silly fabled eggs."

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He was a sad goose when he returned home with his friends. They told him not to lose hope for Easter was close, and the flat Easter bunny would know where to find the best eggs.

At long last, he found a treasured egg rainbow...but something wasn't quite right. The eggs cracked and just like that he was back to his grand adventure.

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Lovage croaked that everyone knows that Belgrade had the best geese. Surely there he should gander to find the golden prize.

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A melancholy Goosey searched in Serbia without finding a way. He vowed to forget his quest and never mind these stupid eggs.

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A most perfect wooden egg lay in wait for him at home! Goosey fell in love at first sight, and now he sits and holds his egg without any thought to a better day.

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Contrasting Churches.

Tuesday, June 11th, 2019

With spending so much time in church during my youth, you'd think I would have seen a few notable places to worship.1

I hadn't seen a memorable church until traveling throughout Europe with Master's harem. Below is the best of the churches I've seen thus far and announced in the order in which I saw them.

St. Johann Nepomuk (Asam Church) in Munich, Germany

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Church of Saint Sava in Belgrade, Serbia (world's largest Orthodox church in Southeastern Europe)2

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The Dormition of the Theotokos Cathedral (Assumption Cathedral) in Cluj, Romania

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church-8

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If only the church he was holding had a smaller statue of him holding a smaller statue of the church...

Romanian wooden churches from the 18th and 17th centuries (respectively), also in Cluj3

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Honestly, my favorite has been the wooden churches of Cluj. The lack of gold and statues was refreshing, and the depictions of holy events aren't at all pretentious. It may be the protestant in me but the simplicity is preferred. Exploring churches has become one of my favorite parts of traveling and no church has burned down upon my entrance.4

  1. Raised by a self proclaimed "christian mother", I was forced to go to church every Sunday and three times a week during holy week. In addition to that, I also had Sunday school after church, confirmation class (studyin my boy, Martin Luther's, small catechism) and youth group on weekends. Naturally, I became youth group president and was shortly thereafter accused of being the devil. All was not lost though, because I became very close with my longest and best friend, Bianca. Saturday nights were filled with partying and smoking weed to be up in time for church on Sunday. To quote her toast from the last time we drank together, "shots for pastor!" []
  2. I was excited to see this church at first but its so poorly over done. It's like they were overwhelmed by deciding they were going to be the biggest church, so then they covered everything in gold and poorly colored blocky paintings of Jesus. []
  3. Located at the Ethnographic Park Romulus Vuia. []
  4. This is a call back to when my grandma would take me to Catholic church service. She barely ever attended church, but when she did she would take the time to warn me about the possibility of her entrance causing the church to burn down. My earliest memory of this was when I was six, but she used that line almost every time we went. []

Lost Lovage.

Monday, June 10th, 2019

So, sometime ago my dad and uncle stood outside of my apartment and pounded while shouting about my grandma being in the hospital from falling. The apartment I rented in Chicago was built during the 20's. The walls are thick and I used to joke about how no one could hear a murder inside, but I could still hear their alarming screams. They were acting so erratic, but it wasn't inconceivable on that being their response if she fell. Both confirmed each others elaborate lies of how she had tripped going to get a book to read. Besides, what family members do you have that would lie about others you love being hurt (especially their own 80+ mother)? Turns out, the joke was on me and it was just a conspiracy by them in order execute their kidnapping plan (I didn't see it coming either..). My newly found mistrust came in a few different forms that day1.

Now a few months ago, a certain someone that I love came home and said he had sent away someone else that I love. I was hesitant to believe him at first because he seems to enjoy torturing me, but then we looked up the seven stages of grief together (due to my 'denial'). He told me I'd have to start then at baking bread because I'd need time to get it right and let me follow through with the task. He consoled me on how much it sucks to lose someone and allowed me to stay close while he napped. While we silently ate, I inspected his face and saw no sign of even the slightest smile. The hours went by - blocks built on each other and I crumbled into belief that I lost someone, yet again. I walked around the house in a daze of shock until sometime later I heard the familiar sound of a key in the door2.

Of course, these situations are different; however, they provoke the same feelings from me. Which is all it seems to be about anyways - provoking. Admittedly at 26, I don't know much about life so I'm unable to confirm if any of this actually matters. Right now, it does matter and I wonder if anyone else has lived through the cruelty of multiple joke losses.

In other news and to answer the question in the bulk of my emails, I'm alive and well!

I'm excited to share the last two months with you - until then.... I'm alive and well. Not enslaved against my will, in a cult, or brainwashed. Or maybe this is being written by a robot composed of pale parts.

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Alive, well, still a dork, but now with a goose!

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Other possible clever titles for this post were: dude wheres my grandma, title today gone tomorrow (see what I did there), taken 2: tookaning.

  1. I should probably celebrate this day every year, since I lost out on being able to celebrate so many peoples birthdays because of it. Maybe I'll bake a bitter cake and invite Liam Neeson. []
  2. This meant it could only be one person. Since for over two months I have not had keys to the door of the place that I live in. There are days I want to scream about how I had keys to my apartment, my car, the HR department, and my office. That being said, I also can't cut green onions or pick out celery root. []

Philosophical Transactions. For the months of March, April and May, 1715 - Part II.

Sunday, June 2nd, 2019

Ⅱ. Botanicum Hortense IV.
Giving an account of divers rare plants, observed the last summer A.D. 1714. in several curious gardens about London, and particularly the society of apothecaries physick-garden at Chelsea.
By James Petiver, F.R.S.

Sect I. European plants.

I. Valentia knotgrass. Ray's English herball tab. x.
fig. 8.
Anthyllis Valentina Clus. Hist. 186.0.9. Fig.id. Hisp.480.
Fig. Park. 446. Fig. 3.
Anthyllis maritima, Chamasyce similis CB. 282. I. Phyt. 552. I.
Anthyllidis species quibusdam chabr. 452. Ic. 5. I.B. Vol 3.
L. 29. p. 374. Fig.
This is a low spreading ground plant, with roundish small leaves, and very little four leaved blush flowers.
Dr. John Placa M.D. and publick Professor of Valentia, first observed this plant about the ditches of that city, and there shewed it to that accurate botanist Carolus Clusius who has given us a very good figure of it.
Dr. Magnol hath also found it on the coasts of Languedock.
Mons. Riqueur apothecary to the late Queen of Spain, sent me the seed of this and many other curious plants, which he collected about Madrid, several of which were the last summer raised in our physick garden at Chelsea, where this flowred.

2. Annual Fleawort. Ray Hist. Plant. 88I. I.
Psyllium majus erectum CB pin. 191.3. alterum CB phyt.
353.2.
Psyllium five publicaris herba ger. 471. Fig. I. Jonst. 587.
Fig. I.
Publicaris herba lobel. Icon. 436.2.id. Belg. 523. Obs. 239.
Its top branches and stalks are somewhat fat or clamy, its leaves are like hyssop and broader than the perennial. Grows plentifully i nthe ields about Montpelier.

3. Notcht-leaved Fleawort. Ray H. Pl. 882. 2.
Psyllium Dioscoridis five Indicum foliis crenatis C.B. 199.I.
prodr. 99. I.
Psyllium Indicum foliis crenatis park. 277. 3.
Psyllium laciniatis foliis bocc. 8. Tab. 4.
This differs from the common annual, only in having notcht or indented leaves.

4. Perennial Fleawort Ray 882.3.
Psyllium Camer. Epit. 811. Fig. Chabr. 501, Ic. 3. IB. 3.
I. 3I. p. 513. fig.
Psyllium majus supinum C.B. 191. 2. majus C.B. phyc.
353. I.
Psyllium maj. Sempervirens Park. 277. 2. & vulg. 278. secund. Fig.
Psyllium Plinianum forte, radice perenni, supinum lobol.
Icon 437. I:id. Belg. 523. id. Obs. 239. fig.
Grows frequently in Italy and about Montpelier.
Vertues. The seed of this plant evacuates yellow choler, and by its mucliage, blunts the acrimony of the humors, and its therefore commended in dysenteries and other corrossions of the gutts.
Dr. Sloane has experieneed it in excoriations of th uvula or plant, and where the tongue is parcht.
H. Reusnerus says a mucilage of its seeds, in rose-water with vinegar, has cured great pains in the head, proceeding from a hot cause, when other medicines have failed. The same with camphire has been successfully applied to inflamed eyes.

5. Maple Blite. Ray's English herbal Tab. 8. Fig. 7.
Atriplex odore & folio Datura, minori tamen, triumphet. 65.
Blitum aceris folio cat. herbar. Britan. tab. 8. fig. 7.
Blitum seu atriplex pes anserinus dicta, Stramonii acutiore
folio ramosum plul. mantis.
Chenepodio affinis, folio lato laciniato in longissiumum mucronem procurrente, florum racemis sparsis Ray H Pl.
Vol. 3. p. 123.
Mr. Dale was the first that observed this in England, viz. about Colchester, I find it the same with that of Triumphetti, a specimen of it being lately sent me from Peter Antony Micheli Botanist to his Royal Highness the Duke of Florence.

6. Thorney Burnett Ray 1492. cap. 7.
Pimpinella Spinosa Park 998. fig.
Poterion Lob. Ic.T.2p.26. Fig. 2. Belg. 2. p. 30. Obs. 491. fig.
Poterion Lob. five. Pimpinella Spinosa CB. 399. 2.
Poterio Assinis folio Pimpinella, Spinosa CB. 382. 2.
Rawolph first observed this plant on the sides of Mount Libanus, and from whom all our figures are copied.
Dalechamp has since found it in the valleys about Marra near Gratianople in Dauphiny.
Honorius Bellus a learned physitian in Candy, says the rusticks of that island make a tea of this plant, which cures them of all sorts of fluxes.
Its called Stoibeda in most parts of Greece.

7. Blew Cat-Succory Ray 257.c.6.
Catanance Dalech. fl. Cyani, fol, Coronopi Chabr. 342.Ic.
opt.2. I.B. 3.1.25.p.26.Fig.
Chondrilla Sesamoides dicta Park 786. fig.5.
Chondrilla Sesamoides dicta caerulea CB phyt. 217. 14.
Chondrilla caerulea, Cyani capitulis CB 131.6.
Sesamoides parvum, Matth. Ger. 397. Ic. 4. Jonst. 493. fig.3.
Its blew succory-like flowers, with narrow dented leaves distinguish it from all others.
Grows very common near Narbone, and in Savoy on dry stony hills.
I gathered this elegant plant in flower this summer in his majesty's gardens at Hampton Court, under the care of Mr. Wise, King George's gardiner.

8. Yellow Cat-Succory.
Catanance Cretica fl. luteo.
Staebe plantaginis folio. Alpin. Exot. 286. fig. park. 477.
fig 7.
Staebe plantaginis folio, fl luteo H.Oxon. Vol. 2. p. 137. 4.
Mr. Jacob Bobart Botanick Professor at Oxford, sent me the first specimen of this, which has lately flowered very well with us in Chelsea Garden.

9. Sea Ragwort. Ray. 286. 6.
Jacobea Marnia Jonst. 280. Ic. 4. CB. phyt. 218. I.
Jacobea Marina five Cineraria Chabr. 330. Ic. 6. I.B. 2.
I.24.p.1056. fig.
Jacobea Marina five Cineraria vulg. Park. 669. fig. 7.
Jacobea Maritima CB. 131. 3.
This has been long cultivated as a great ornament in gardens. Vertues. Alpinus says the Aegyptians use this as a very sovereign plant, drinking a tea of it for the stone, and to open obstructions of the bowels and womeb.
Grows on the coasts of Tuscany.

10. Sicilian Ragwort. Ray 286.9.
Jacobea Sicula Chrysanthemi facie Bocc. 66. Tab. 36.
It leaves like our corn marygold, flowers in Chelsea Garden even till Christmas. Grows wild about Catania, &c.

11. Common narrow Cassidony Ray 281. 4.
Elychryson five stachas citrina angustifolia CB. 264. 4. vel
Gallica phyt. 513. 4.
Chrysocome vulg. I. Clus. 326. fig.
Chrysocome media, f. Stachas citrina vulg. Barrelier. 974.
Ic. 409.
Stachas Citrina Dod. 268.
Stachas Citrina five Amaranthus luteus Jonst. 646. Ic. I.
Staechas Ctrina five Coma aurea Park. 68. fig. 7.
Stachas Citrina, tenuifolia Narbonensis IB. 3. 1. 26. p. 154.
fig. ead. flore luteo pallescente chabr. 369.Ic. 5.
The leaves of this plant are best represented in IB. and chabreus, being much narrower than those figured by Clusius.
Grows plentifully about Montpelier, where it flowers in April and May.

12. Candy Cassidony, Ray 282. 8.
Elychrysum Creticum CB. 264. 6.
Chrysocome 5 quae Cretica Clus. 327.
Chrysocome five stachas citrina Cretica Park. 69.8.
Stachas citrina globoso & amplo flore Cretica, Barrelier pl.
987. Ic. opt. 814.
This last author has given a very accurate figure of this plant, which is so beautiful an ornament in our most curious gardens.

13. Stif-rim'd Mary-gold, ray 338 c.4. pl.2.
After Atticus Casalp. 495. c. 30. Ger. 392. Ic.I Jonst. 486. Ic.r.
After Atticus I. Clus. 13. Fig. I. Massiloticus Tabern. Icon.
361.2.
After Att. luteus vulg. Park. 128. fig. I.
After Atticus & Inguinarias. Inguinalis Lob. Ic. 348.2. Belg.
423. Obs. 188. fig.
After luteus, foliis ad florem rigidis CB. 266. I. Phyt.
518. I.
Chrysanthemum Asteris facis, foliis ad florem rigidis H.
Leyd 144.
Its rim of yellow flowers is beset with stiff, long, pointed green leaves, by which its distinguished from all others.
Its common in Sicily, Italy, Narborn and Spain, flowering in May and June.

14. Bobart's Venice Chamomil Ray 3.p.223.15.
Cotula Veneta Sophia folio Nobis.
Chamamelum annuum ramosum Cotula fatide fol. amplioribus capitulis spinosis Bob. H. Ox. 3. p. 36. 12. Sect
VI. Tab 8. fig.
We are obliged to Mr. Jacob Bobart for the first knowledge of this plant.

15. Distaff Thistle Ray 304. 4.
Atraetylis Offic. Dale 168. 3. Ger. 1008. Ic. I. Jonst. 1171.
Ic. I.
Atraetylis veterum s. vera, fl. luteo Chabr. 353. Ic.4. IB. 3. I.
25. p. 85. fig.
Atraetylis Theophrasti & Diosc. fanguineo succo Col. 19
fig. 23.
Mr. Ray has given a large description of this thistle p.
304. from accurate Columna, and it is remarkable for its bloody juice.
Its said to have the same vertues wit the Carduus Benedictus.
Grows in France, Spain and Italy as also about Geneva in path ways and borders of fields.

16. Cobweb Distaff-Thistle.
Atraetylis ramulis araneosis. an chameleon niger verus parks.
This differs frm the Distaff-Thistle in having its upper stalks woolly like cobwebs. It was many years since raised in Mr. Charles Dubois his garden at Mitcham, from seed I gave him brought me by Mr. Samuel Daniel, Surgeon, rom the Island Coos.

17. Clusius his Salamanca welted Thistle, Ray 315.
Acarna major caule folioso CB. 379.6. Park.966.f.6.
Acarne similis fl.purp. Chameleon Salmant Clus. I.B. 3. I.
25.p.91.fig.Chabr.155.Ic.6.
Chameleon Salmanticensis Clus.Hist. 155. F.I. Jonst. II60.
fig.2.
Clusius first observed this about Salamanca in Spain, it hath since been found in Languedoc and other places.

18. Theophrastus his Fish Thistle Ray 315. 4. Dale
Suppl. 74.4.
Acarna di theophrasto imperati 669. fig. opt.
Acarna di theophrasto imperati 669. fig. opt.
Acarna major caule non folioso C.B. 273. 7. Park. 966.
f.7.
Acarna Theophr-Imperati Ilvensis f. Italica Barrel. 912. io
12II.
Acarna similis, carduus polyacanthus chabr. 356. Ic. 2.
Polyacanthus Causabona Acarna similis I.B. 3. I. 25. p. 92.
fig.
Imperatus his figure, which barrelier has copied, very well represents this elegant thistle. Chabr. &IB. are also better than Lobel's, which Park. and most others have followed.
Grows on the hills, North of Rio near the iron mines in the Island of Ilva.

19. Dwarf Narbone artichoke. Ray 329. 29.
Centaurium majus incanum humile, cap. pint. el. bot. 355.
Instit. 449.
Chameleon non aculeatus Lob. Ic. p. 2. p. 7. Ad. 367. fig.
Jacea montana incana Pini capite. C.B. 272.
humilis mont. cap. pino simili C.B. phyt. 531. 13.
Jacea pumila Narbonensis Park. 471. fig. 6.
Jacea mont. capite magno Stroboli I.B. 3. I. 25. p. 30. fig.
Chabr. 343. IC. 3.
Stoebe Pinea amplo capite Barrel. 970. Ic. opt. 138.
Some of the bottom leaves of this are whole, which are not exprest in any figure yet extant. I have recevied very fair specimens of this elegant plant from that accurate botanist Dr. John Salvadore at Barcelona. It grows plentifully about Narbone and Montpelier, where it flowers in June, as it did this summer in Chelsea garden.

20. Cobweb-headed yellow Portugal knapweed Ray Vol. 3.
p. 204.28.
Carduus Lustian. canescens, alato caule, capite lanuginoso
El. Bot. 350. Inst. 44.
Jacea Lusit canescens alato caule, capite spinoso & lanuginoso Ray Vol. 3. p. 204. pl. 28.
Its root-leaves like scabious, but on the stalk whole and narrow, its head woolly like a cobweb, beset with long thorns, in the midst of which comes a yellow flower raised this summer in Chelsea garden.

21. Succory leaved, yellow oriental knap-weed.
Jacea lutea oriental. capite spinis simplicibus armato.
The lower leaves are lobated like the stabe salam. I. clus. but on the stalks they are plain and narrow. At the top grow specious yellow flowers like the sultan, of that colour, set in the scaley heads, each ending in a single longish prickle.
I have yet seen this only with Mr. Fairchild at Hoxton, raised from seed which Dr. Sherard sent to Mr. Stonestreet.

22. Purple knapweed with black edged scales. Ray 322. 2I.
Jacea carnea, marginibus squamarum nigris nobis.
Jacea humilis, hieracii folio park. 471. 5. H. Lugd. 1193. fig.
Jacea humilis alba, hieracii folio C.B. 271.2. phyt. 530. 12.
Jacea pumila ad. 235. fig. pumila serpens acaulis ferme.
Lob. Ic. 542. 2.
Jacea monspeliaca cui in squamis fibrae nigrae, interdum acaulis I.B. 2. I. 25. p. 29. Chabr. 343. Ic. I.
Lobel first observed this at Montpelier, where it is more commonly found with a white flower than a purple. Mr. Jezreel Jones gathered it about Lisbon, a very fair specimen of which Monsieur Vaillant sent me from Paris.

23. Austrian and Spanish Staebe Ray. 324. 4.
Staebe Gallica & Austriaca elatior Clus. I. 4. p. 10.
Staebe Austriaca elatior Park. 476.
Stabe major calyculis non splendentibus CB. 273. 3.
Stabe Salmantica alterius, altera species clus. Hisp. 362.
Centaurium majus in Muris Gesn. Hort. 252.
-- species tenuifolia chabr. 345. Ic. 6. I. B. 3. 1. 25. p. 31. fig.
Jacea alba lugd. 1192. Ic. 2.
Jacea Stabe dicta 4. CB. phyt. 532. 19.
Jacea non spinosa, fol magis fivisis elatior, capitulis minoribus non splendentibus Bob. Oxon. 140, 15.
Its lower leaves small and deeply cut its flowers purple like the common, whith small half starr'd hairy scales. Mons. Riqueur sent me the seed of this from Madrid, which flower in Chelsea garden this Autumn.

24. Pona's pine-leaved candy knapweed.
Chamapeuce Pr. Alpin. Exot. 76. fig. ex sententia G. Sherard.
Chamaepitys Berthiolo.
Chamaepitys fruticosa cretica Belli.
Jacea fruticans pini folio C.B. 271. 3. pluk. tab. 94. fig. 3.
Jacea cretica frutescens, Elychrist folio, st. magno purpurascente T. coral. 32.
Staebe Rorismarini folio Jonst. 731. fig. 4.
Stabe capitata rorismarini folio pona 329. fig. Chabr. 344.
Ic. 4.1. B. 3. 1. 25. p.36. fig.
Staebe capit. overo Chamapino frutticoso di candia ponae Ital. 75. fig.
Staebe Cretica fruiticans, Pincea aut potius Pini angustis foliis crebrius stipatis Bob. Oxon. 137. 8. Ray 3. p. 204. 29.
This is not the cyanus arborescens longifolia pr. alp. exot. p. 30. as Parkinson and some others assert.
Dr. Plukenet's figure (which he took from Sir George Wheeler's specimen) very well agrees with the pattern which Dr. Sherard sent me from Smyrna A.D. 1705. Prosper alpinus's also is well cut. Pona's amongst those of Mount Baldus was taken from a garden plant, but that in the Italian edition from a native.
This elegant plant I have only seen with Mr. Fairchild at Hoxton, raised from the seed which Dr. Sherard sent to the Reverend Mr. Stonestreet.

25. Ash-leaved scabious ray vol. 3. p. 236. pl. 30. Scabiosa Fraxinella folio instut. Rei Herbar. 666.
This is a specious plant and grows in Chelsea Garden near two foot high, its lower leaves are much deeper dented than the Fraxinella, and ore resembles our Manna ash. It flowers in July and August.

Umbelliferous Plants, &.

26. Arch-Angelica Ray. 434. 3. Bob. H. Oxon. 281. 5. Archangelica Clus. 114. Ic. Pan. 694. Chabr. 400. Ic. 6. Dod.
318. fig. JOnst. 1000. fig. 3. Park. 940. fig. 4. I.B. 3.1.
27. p. 143. fig.
Angelica Casalp. 307. c. 48.
Angelica fylv. Montana C.B. 156. 5. phyt. 273. 4. Moriff.
Umb. 9. pl. 3.
Angelica mont. Maxima, flosculis candicantibus, ad caulium nodos umbellifera Pluk. Tab. 134. fig. opt. I. Alm. bot. 30.
Imperatoria Archangelica dicta. EL. bot. 267. Inst. 317.
Grows on the Alps and other mountains.

27. Round parsley Ray 462. c. 18. I. H. Ox. B. 293. 13. Apium peregrinum foliis subrotundis C.B. 153. 9. Prodr. 8I. fig. phyt. 269. 7.
Daucus 3. Diosc. 2. plinii Col. 109, fig.
Selinum montanum Offic. Dale Suppl. 103.2.
Selinum peregrinum I Clus. 199. c. 21. Hisp. 431.
Selinum five apium peregrinum I. Clus. Park. 929. fig.
Sacifraga 3 Casalp. 315.
Visnaga minor quorundam, Selinum peregrinum Clus. femine hirsuto I.B. 3. 1. 27. p. 94. fig. Chabr. 396. Ic. 2.
Clusius observed this about Salamanca in Spain, Columna in Italy, and Mr. Ray in the hedges about Messina in Sicily.

28. Geneva Laserwort. Ray. 427. 5. Bob. H. Oxon.
321. 6.
Laserpitium Fol. latioribus lobatis Moris. Umb. 29.
----majus Almagest. Botan. 207.
Libanotis latifolia altera C.B. phyt. 277. 3.
---five vulgatior CB. pin. 157. 2.
Libanotis Theophrasti Lob. Ic. 704. I. Belg. 857. Obs. 402.
Libanotis Theophr. major Jonst. 1010. Ic. I.
Seseli Aethiopicum herba dod. 313. Fig.
This grows plentifully on the hills about Geneva.

29. Great black Master-wort Ray 475. I.
Astrantia Clus. 194. fig. major Moris. Umbell. 7.& 10.
-maj corona floris purpurascenta Instit. Rei Herbar. 314.
Astrantia nigra ger. 828. Ic. Jonst. 978. fig. Lob. ic. 681.2.
Belg. 829. Obs. 388.
Astrantia nigra major Bob. H. Oxon. 279. I.
Helleborus niger sanicula folio major C.B. 186.5. phyt. 340.4.
Imperatoria nigra tab. hist. 3000. fig. 1. Sanicula foem. Ic. 831.
- Ranunculoides sanicula folio major alm. Botan. 198.
Sanicula faemina fuchsii 670. fig.
--quibusdam aliis elleborus niger. I.B 3.1.34. p.638. fig.
Veratrum nigrum diose. Dod. 38. fig.
I have seen the tops of this mixt with some vulnerary herbs from Germany. It grows on the Alps and the hills about Geneva.

30. SHrub Hartwort Ray 476. c.5.
Seseli Aethiopicum Offic. Dale Sulp. 104. 45. lob. Ic. 634. I.
Ad. 284. Belg. 771. fig.
Seseli Aethiopicum frutex bob. H. Oc. 298. c. 27. Dod. 312.
fig. Ger. 1233. Ic. Jonst. 1421. Ic. Park. 907. fig. 14.
Seseli Aethiopicum fruticosum, folio periclymeni Chabr.
406. Ic. 4. I.B. 3.1. 27. p. 197. fig.
Seseli Aethiopicum salicis folio C.B. 161.7.
--Herbariorum C.B. phyt. 286. fig.
Bupleurum arborescens salicis folio E.B. 260. Inst. 310.
This grows on the sea-coast at Marseilles and about Montpeller.

31. Great Turnsole Ray 501.
Heliotropium Dod 70. fig.
Heliotropium majus diosc. C.B. 253. I. phyt. 487. I.
Heliotropium majus G. 264. Ic. I. Jonst. 334. Ic. I. Park.
438.f.I.
Heliotropium majus fl. albo I.B.3. 33. p.60.fig.
Heliotropium herba cancri chabr. 521. ic. I.
Heliotropium majus & herba cancri lob. ic. 260. 2. Belg.
313. Obs. 132. Ic.
Grows wild in many places of France, Italy, Germany, &c.

32. Galen's Horehound Ray. 557. 9.
Alyssum Galeni Clus. 35. fig. Hisp. 387. Dod. 88. Park. 590.
f.4.
Alyssum Galeni Ger. 379. fig. Jonst. 465. Ic. I.
Alyssum Galeni Clusi & Herbariorum Lob. Ic. 524. I. Belg.
620. Obs. 283.
Alyssum verticillatum, foliis profunde incifis C.B. 232.
Marrubium Hispan. supinum, calyce stellato & aculeato E.B.
161. Inst. 192.
Dr. Salvadore hath sent me this from Barcelona; it grows also about Madrid and other parts of Spain.

33. Galen's Horehound with more deep cut leaves.
Alyssum Galeni foliis altius incisis nobis.
Like the common, but the leaves much deeper cut, and stand on longer footstalks. Both these I have observed in Chelsea garden.

34. Spanish Silver Horehound.
Marrubium Hisp. supinum, fol. sericeis argenteis E.B. 161.
Inst. 192.
Marrubium album hispan. majus. barrel. 263. ic. 686.
This was raised in Chelsea garden from seed which Monsieur Ricqueur sent me from Madrid, and the plant is very well exprest in Barrelier's icons.

35. Anguillara's Horehound Ray 3.p.303. II & 304.8.
Pseudo-dictamnus hisp scrophularia folio. E.B 157. Inst. 188.
Galeopsis Anguillara 278. five pseudo-dictamnum nigrum
Siculum boc. Mus. 151. Tab. 114.
Dr. Laurence Heister Professor of Anatomy at Altorf sent me formerly a specimen of this, amongst divers curious plants he had gathered in the physick-gardens at Amsterdam and Leyden. Dr. Herman's figure very accurately agrees with this plant. Marrubium album rotundifolium hispanicum maximum
schol. bot. 60. parad. batav. 201. fig. opt.

36. Herman's Cupt Hore-hound Ray 3.p. 303.I0.
Marrubium dictamni spurii foliis & facie parad. bat. 200.
fig.
Pseudo dictamnu hisp. folio rugofiore schol. bot. 61. bob.
oxon. 380. 4.
Pseudodictamnus hisp. fol. crispis & rugosis E.B. 157.
Inst. 188.
Pseudo-dictamnus nigro rotundo crispo folio bocc. mus.
152. tab. I.
This chiefly differs from the common in having thinner and larger flower-cups; its leaves more pointed and somewhat dented.

37. Common Cupt Horehound Ray. 557. XI.
Pseudo-dictamnus park. 28. fig. 2.
Pseudo-dictamnus verticillatus inodorus C.B. 222.2 phyt.
424.2.
Pseudodictamnus fol. non crenatis, verticillatus inodorus
Bob. H. Ox. 379. I.
Pseudodictamnum Cam. Epit. 474. fig. opt. dod. 281. fig.
Ger. 651. f.2. Jonst. 795. f. I.
Pseudodictamnum floribus verticillatis lob. 502. Ic. 2. Belg.
592. Obs. 267. fig.
This is known from the last, in having smaller cupps, plain and rounder leaves on very woolly stalks.

38. Broad phlome, yellow or French sage, ray 511. 13.
phlomis fruticosa, salvia folio latiore & rotundiore instit;
177.
Salvia frut. lutea, latifolia, five verbascum fylv. &c. park.
52. fig. xi.
Verbascum latis salviae foliis C.B. 240. I. phyt.
455. I.
Verbascum fylv. matth. clus. 28. fig. I.
Verbascum 4 matth. Lob. Ic. 56. B. 661. Obs. 302.
The French call this plant, sauge sauvage or wild sage. It grows plentifully on Sierra Morena or the Black Mountain supposed the mons Marianus of the antients, situate between Portugal and Andalufia, where the natives call this plant Matulera. My worthy friend Mr. Charles du Bois tells me the country people about Mitcham use this as a certain remedy in the Quinsey.

39. Narrow Phlome.
Phlomis fruticosa, salvia folio longiore & angustiore Instit.
177.
The leaves of this are very like common sage, but paler above and whiter underneath, and much lesser than the last and narrower. That accurate botanist Dr. Salvadore hath sent me this from Barcelona.

40. Aleppo Phlome.
Pseudo-salvia chalepensis ampliore folio cordiformi bobart.
H. Ox. 397. 2. sect. Xi. tab. 16. fig.
These leaves differ from the broad phlome in being thicker, more rugged and cordated at the footstalk; I am obliged to Mr. Jacob Bobart for the first knowledge of this plant, which I have since observed with Mr. Thomas Fairchild at Hoxton.

41. Samos Phlome.
Phlomis Samia Lunaria folio, Boer. p. 62.
Phlomis Samia Herbacea, folio Lunaria T. Coral. 10.
The flowers pale, buff or whitish, the inside or lower lip pounct or shaded with brown, the bottoms of each calyx are guarded with two or three long slender thorns; its roots or lower leaves, in shape, resemble garden honesty, but are stiffer, and underneath soft and whitish.
I have as yet observed this plant only in Chelsea Garden where it floured in July.

42. True Old Time Ray. 519. 3. c. 7. Lecaan 43. p. 80.
Thymus capitatus qui dioscoridis C.B. 219. 3. phyt. 414. 3.
Thymum legitimum clus. 357. fig. opt.
Thymum legitimum capitatum park. 7. fig. I.
Thymum creticum Jonst. 574. fig. 3. opt.
Thymum cret. S. Antiquorum I.B. 3. I. 28. p. 262.
This fragrant time of the antients I first received from coos; it grows also about Sevill and Cales.

43. Broad Candy Savory, Ray 519. 4.
Satureia Cretica C.B. 218. 4. Phyt. 413. 4. Jonst. 576. f. 4.
Satureia Cretica Jonst. 576. f. 4. latiore folio Bob. H. Ox.
412. 6.
Thymbra legitima Clus. 358. fig. I. opt.
Thymbra legitima Dioscoridis Ponae 104.
Thymbra S. Satureia Cretica legitima Park. 5. fig. 4.
Thymum Creticum Pona verticillatum Barrel. 278. Ic. 898.
Tragoriganum Clusi Ger. 543. fig.
It's distinguish'd by its broad time leaves and close whorles.

44. Black Rough Goat Succory Ray. 523.3. Lecaan. 37. p. 77.
Tragoriganum P. Alp. 78. fig. c. 36. Dod.
Tragoriganum Creticum C.B. 223. 4. Park. 17. fig. I.
Tragoriganum Cretense Jonst. 668. Ic. 3.
Tragoriganum 2 altera species Clus. 355. fig. 3.
Alpinus and Clusius his figures, which are both originals, very well agree with this plant, which Jacob Bobart not long since sent me a sample of, and has much narrower and smaller leaves than the broad Candy Savory.

45. Narrow-leaved Goat-Savory Ray. 523. I. Lecaan
36. p. 76.
Tragoriganum Ger. 543. fig. I.
Tragoriganum Clus. Jonst. 668. fig. 2.
Tragoriganum alterum clus. 355. fig. 2. hisp. 240. fig. dod. 286.
Tragoriganum angustifolium C.B. 223. 3.
--2. C.B. phyt. 422. x. fl. albo clus. lob. obs. 264. fig. Ic.
494. I.
Tragoriganum Hispanicum Park. 17. f. 3.
Tragoriganum tenuioribus foliis fl. candido chabr. 421.
Ic. 4. I.B. 3. I. 28. p. 261. fig.
Sideritis Hispanica erecta fol. angustiore E.B. 160. Inst.
191.
Mons. Ricqueur sent me the seed of this elegant plant from Madrid, which flowered with us in Chelsea garden.

46. Sage Iron-wort, Ray 566. 17.
Sideritis marina salvifolia nostra donati 84.
Sideritis heraclea dioscoridis, five marina salvifolia nostra
Donato Park. 1681. fig. 16.
Betonica maritima, flore ex luteo pallescente instit. 203.
Dr. Magnol found this on the stoney sea shores in Languedoc; and Dr. Salvadore hath sent it me from Barcelona. It much resembles the Sideritis glabra arvensis Chabr. 473. Ic. I. but has yellowish flowers and softer leaves. It flowers with us in June and July.

N.B. The rest will be incerted in the next Transactions.

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