Philosophical Transactions. For the months of June, July and August, 1715. - Part IV.

By Nicole Renee

Ⅳ. An account of an experiment made by Dr. Brook Taylor assisted by Mr. Hawkesbee, in order to discover the Law of the Magnetical Attraction.

By order of the Royal Society Mr. Hawkesbee and myself made an experiment with the great loadstone belonging to the Royal Society, in order to discover the Law of the Magnetical Attraction; and not long after I gave an account of it to the Society in a letter to Dr. Sloane, (who was then Secretary) dated June 25, 1712. Since that, Mr. Hawkesbee made another experiment of the same nature with a smaller loadstone; which he has given an account of in the Philosophical Transactions No. 335. But upon comparing the numbers of that experiment with those of the other, I find the numbers of the first experiment to be very much more regular. Wherefore I conclude that to be the best experiment, and since no notice has been taken of the account I gave of it, and I have reason to believe Mr. Hawkesbee lost the table I left with him for the Society, of the numbers relating to it, I take this occasion to present the Society with the following account of it.
We placed the great loadstone belonging to the Royal Society so, that it's two poles lay in the plane of the horizon, and were in a line exactly at right angles with the natural direction of the needle we made us of, (which was that Dr. Halley had made to observe the variety actions with). And by means of a carriage contrived for that purpose, the stone was easily moved to and fro, the poles continuing always in the same line. The needle was so placed, that the center it play'd upon was in the same line with the poles of the stone; the North Pole being towards the needle. We measured the distances from the center of the needle to the extremity of the stone; and we found the variations of the needle from its natural position to be as in the following table.

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A pdf version of the entire text of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London can be found here (this article begins on page 294).


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